School-based intervention to promote eating daily and healthy breakfast: a survey and a case-control study.
Sommaire de l'article
Background/Objective:The recent rapid increase in childhood obesity rates suggests that a consideration of the role of the schools in addressing this problem is necessary. ‘Fits me’ program functions to promote eating daily and healthy breakfast among elementary school children.Methods:Separate children groups were sampled each year by clusters from seven regions around Israel. They filled a self-administered questionnaire at the beginning of 2003, before the program started, and in 2003-2005, after the program. A separate sample was collected in 2006 in a case-control structure. The answer to the question: ‘what do you eat for breakfast?’ considered as a healthy breakfast if it included one of the following food items: A sandwich (not including chocolate, jam or butter), cereals, vegetable, fruit, egg and dairy product.Results:As compared with 2003 before the program, more children reported eating daily breakfast over the years (51-65% before and until 2005, respectively, P for trend<0.01). Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) for eating a healthy breakfast, in 2006 in the intervention (n=417) vs controls (n=572), adjusted for sex and age were OR=1.53 (95% CI: 1.15-2.04). However, only a third of 75% of the children who ate a healthy breakfast in the intervention group estimated that they were eating a healthy breakfast.Conclusions:After implementation an educational program to promote daily and healthy breakfast eating, the goal of a healthier breakfast was achieved. However, one should strive to define an exact definition of a healthy breakfast.European Journal of Clinical Nutrition advance online publication, 10 November 2010; doi:10.1038/ejcn.2010.247.