The comparative evaluation of the nutrient composition and sensory attributes of four vegetables cooked by different methods
Sommaire de l'article
The following four vegetables; beans (Phaseolus vulgaris var. vulgaris), brinjal (Solanum melongena var. esculentum), knol-khol (Brassica oleracea var. caulorapa) and radish (Raphanus raphanistrum satvius) were processed either by conventional, pressure or microwave cooking methods and were analysed for their nutritional and sensory profile. Raw samples were used as controls. Microwave cooking resulted in greater moisture loss when compared with vegetables cooked by other methods. The protein, fat, total ash, calcium, phosphorus, iron, and dietary fibre contents of the vegetables did not differ significantly in raw or cooked vegetables. Ascorbic acid was destroyed to the greatest extent by pressure cooking followed by microwave and conventional method. The sensory
attributes of cooked vegetables, as evaluated by a paired preference test, revealed that there were no significant differences between cooked radish and knol-khol but, in the case of beans and brinjal, microwave and conventionally cooked samples were preferred over
pressure cooked ones.