The European School Fruit Scheme: impact on children’s fruit and vegetable consumption in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Auteur(s) :
Methner S., Maschkowski G., Hartmann M.
Date :
Oct, 2016
Source(s) :
Public health nutrition. #: p1-7
Adresse :
University of Bonn, Institute for Food and Resource Economics,Chair of Agricultural and Food Market Research,Nußallee 21, 53115 Bonn,Germany.

Sommaire de l'article

To assess the impact of the European School Fruit Scheme (SFS) in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, on children's fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption, in particular frequency.

The study consisted of a pre-test/post-test design with an intervention (eight primary schools) and a control group (two primary schools). Children's F&V consumption frequency was measured prior to the introduction of the SFS in 2010 and after one year's delivery of F&V (2011).

Ten primary schools in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

In total, 499 primary-school children aged 6-11 years, 390 in the intervention and 109 in the control schools.

Children highly appreciated the SFS. More than 90 % evaluated the programme positively. Children in the intervention group showed a significant increase in F&V intake frequency from baseline to follow-up, from on average 1·26 (sd 1·37) to 2·02 (sd 1·33) times/d (P=0·000). The intervention variable had a highly significant impact on children's F&V consumption frequency, even after controlling for gender, age and stay at school for lunch (β=0·773; 95 % CI 0·59, 0·96). The SFS did not induce a reduction of F&V consumption at home. In the control group a non-significant decline in F&V consumption frequency from 1·31 (sd 1·26) to 1·18 (sd 1·34) times/d (P=0·325) was observed.

One year after the programme's implementation, the SFS led to a significant short-term increase in children's F&V consumption.

Source : Pubmed