The Introduction of a Supermarket via Tax-Credits in a Low-Income Area: The Influence on Purchasing and Consumption.

Auteur(s) :
Cantor J., Elbel BD., Dixon LB., Mijanovich T., Abrams C., Kiszko K.
Date :
Sep, 2015
Source(s) :
American journal of health promotion : AJHP. #: p
Adresse :
Department of Population Health, New York University School of Medicine, 550 First Avenue, VZ30, Office 626, New York, NY 10016; brian.elbel@nyumc.org

Sommaire de l'article

Purpose . Interest and funding continue to grow for bringing supermarkets to underserved areas, yet little is known about their impact. Design . A quasi-experimental study was used to determine the impact of a new supermarket opening as a result of tax and zoning incentives. Setting . The study took place in the South Bronx, New York City, New York.

SUBJECTS:

Studied were residents of two South Bronx neighborhoods deemed high need. Measures . Food purchasing and consumption were examined via surveys and 24-hour dietary recalls before and at two points after the supermarket opened (1-5, 13-17 months). Analysis . Data were analyzed using difference-in-difference models controlling for gender, race and ethnicity, age, education, marital status, and self-reported income. Ordinary least squares and logistic regression models were estimated for continuous and binary outcomes, respectively. Results . At baseline, 94% to 97% of consumers shopped at a supermarket. There was a 2% increase in this behavior in the intervention community (p < .05) not seen in the comparison community. One year later there was a 7% net increase in eating at home (p < .1) and a 20% decrease in drinking sugary beverages (p < .05), but no appreciable change in fruit/vegetable consumption or overall dietary quality. Conclusion . The new supermarket did not result in substantial or broad changes in purchasing patterns or nutritional quality of food consumed, though smaller, positive changes were observed over a 1-year period. Future work should examine different contexts and a broader set of outcomes, including economic development.

Source : Pubmed
Retour