The Role of Maternal Diet and Iron-folic Acid Supplements in Influencing Birth Weight: Evidence from India’s National Family Health Survey.

Auteur(s) :
Malhotra N., Upadhyay RP., Bhilwar M., Choy N., Green T.
Date :
Sep, 2014
Source(s) :
J TROP PEDIATR. #60:6 p454-60
Adresse :
Department of Community Medicine, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi 110029, India ravi.p.upadhyay@gmail.com

Sommaire de l'article

AIM
To examine the role of maternal diet in determining low birth weight (LBW) in Indian infants.

METHODS
Data from the National Family Health Survey (2005-06) were used. Multivariate regression analysis was used to analyse the effect of maternal diet on infant birth weight.

RESULTS
Infants whose mothers consumed milk and curd daily [odds ratio (OR), 1.17; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.06-1.29]; fruits daily (OR, 1.20; 95% CI, 1.07-1.36) or weekly (OR, 1.13; 95% CI, 1.02-1.24) had higher odds of not having a low birth weight baby. The daily consumption of pulses and beans (OR, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.02-1.36) increased the odds while weekly consumption of fish (OR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.70-0.89) decreased the odds of not having a LBW infant. Intake of iron-folic acid supplements during pregnancy increased birth weight by 6.46 g per month.

CONCLUSION
Improved intake of micronutrient-rich foods can increase birth weight.

Source : Pubmed
Retour