The women’s health initiative. what is on trial: nutrition and chronic disease? or misinterpreted science, media havoc and the sound of silence from peers?

Auteur(s) :
Cannon G., Lissner L., Kearney J., Thorsdottir I., Yngve A., Hughes RJ., Majem LS., De Almeida MDV., Hambraeus L., Achterberg C., Gustafsson JA., Raftery J., Elmadfa L., O'Kennedy N.
Date :
Avr, 2006
Source(s) :
Public health nutrition. #9:2 p269-272
Adresse :
Addresses: Yngve A (reprint author), Novum, Dept Biosci & Nutr, Unit Prevent Nutr, Karolinska Inst, SE-14157 Huddinge Sweden Novum, Dept Biosci & Nutr, Unit Prevent Nutr, Karolinska Inst, SE-14157 Huddinge Sweden Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Dept Community Med & Publ Hlth, Gothenburg, Sweden Univ Las Palmas, Dept Clin Sci, Las Palmas Gran Canaria, Spain Univ Porto, Fac Nutr & Food Sci, Oporto, Portugal Portuguese Soc Nutr & Food Sci, Oporto, Portugal Univ Gothenburg, Dept Home Econ, Gothenburg, Sweden World Hlth Policy Forum, Juiz De Fora, MG Brazil Landspitali Univ Hosp, Unit Nutr Res, Reykjavik, Iceland Univ Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland Dublin Inst Technol, Dept Biol Sci, Dublin, Ireland Univ Vienna, Dept Nutr Sci, Vienna, Austria Trinity Coll Dublin, Dept Clin Med, Dublin, Ireland

Sommaire de l'article

The first results of the Women's Health Initiative dietary intervention trial were published in the USA in February. This is a colossal intervention designed to see if diets lower in fat and higher in fruits, vegetables and grains than is usual in high-income countries reduce the incidence of breast cancer, colorectal cancer, heart disease and other chronic diseases, in women aged 50 – 79 years. As interpreted by US government media releases, the results were unimpressive. As interpreted by a global media blitz, the results indicate that food and nutrition has little or nothing to do with health and disease. But the trial was in key respects not reaching its aims, was methodologically controversial, and in any case has not produced the reported null results. What should the public health nutrition profession do about such messes?

Source : Pubmed