Trends in fruit and vegetable consumption among adults in the united states: behavioral risk factor surveillance system, 1994-2000.
Sommaire de l'article
OBJECTIVES: We examined trends in fruit and vegetable consumption in the United States.METHODS: A 6-item food frequency questionnaire was used to assess consumption among 434 121 adults in 49 states and the District of Columbia who were sampled in random-digit-dialed telephone surveys administered in 1994, 1996, 1998, and 2000.RESULTS: Although the geometric mean frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption declined slightly, the proportion of respondents consuming fruits and vegetables 5 or more times per day did not change. With the exception of the group aged 18 to 24 years, which experienced a 3-percentage-point increase, little change was seen among sociodemographic subgroups.CONCLUSIONS: Frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption changed little from 1994 to 2000. If increases are to be achieved, additional efforts and new strategies will be needed.