Encouraging healthier food choices: the role of public policies targeting the consumer

Infographic – A variety of food policies to promote healthier choices

Various policies are implemented around the world to promote healthier food choices. These measures can target food demand by providing information to consumers through food labelling but can also target supply by improving the nutritional quality of food products through reformulation. Reformulation policies are currently the most widespread with three-quarters of countries adopting them. Similarly, policies focusing on food labeling (e.g., the Nutri-score introduced in France in 2017), dietary guidelines and media campaigns are implemented in more than half of 154 countries. However, policies aiming to control portion sizes and to ban trans-fatty acids are rarely introduced. Governments tend to combine these various policies to optimally improve the health of their populations. 


Giner, C. et J. Brooks (2019), « Policies for encouraging healthier food choices », OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Papers, n° 137, Éditions OCDE, Paris