Association between Nutritional Status with Spontaneous Abortion.

Auteur(s) :
Ahmadi R., Ziaei S., Parsay S.
Date :
Sep, 2021
Source(s) :
International journal of fertility & sterility. #10:4 p337-342
Adresse :
Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Faculty of Medical Science, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

Sommaire de l'article

BACKGROUND
Spontaneous abortion is the most common adverse pregnancy outcome. We aimed to investigate a possible link between nutrient deficiencies and the risk of spontaneous abortion.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
This case-control study included the case group (n=331) experiencing a spontaneous abortion before 14 weeks of pregnancy and the control group (n=331) who were healthy pregnant women over 14 weeks of pregnancy. The participants filled out Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), in which they reported their frequency of consumption for a given serving of each food item during the past three months, on a daily, weekly or monthly basis. The reported frequency for each food item was converted to a daily intake. Then, consumption of nutrients was compared between the two groups.

RESULTS
There are significant differences between the two groups regarding consumed servings/day of vegetables, bread and cereal, meat, poultry, fish, eggs, beans, fats, oils and dairy products (P=0.012, P<0.001, P=0.004, P<0.001, P=0.019, respectively). There are significant differences between the two groups in all micronutrient including folic acid, iron, vitamin C, vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and zinc (P<0.001).

CONCLUSION
Poor nutrientions may be correlated with increased risk of spontaneous abortion.

Source : Pubmed
Retour