Citrus fruit intake and bladder cancer risk: a meta-analysis of observational studies.

Auteur(s) :
Liang S., Lv G., Chen W., Jiang J., Wang J.
Date :
Juin, 2014
Source(s) :
International journal of food sciences and nutrition. # p
Adresse :
Department of Urology, Gaoyou People's Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University , Yangzhou, Jiangsu , China and.

Sommaire de l'article

Epidemiological studies have investigated the association between citrus fruit and bladder cancer risk; however, the results are inconsistent. To assess these issues, we conducted a meta-analysis of currently available studies. We identified relevant articles by searching the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases. We calculated the summary relative risk (RR) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) using a random effect model. We included eight case-control studies and six cohort studies in the meta-analysis. There was a significant inverse association between citrus fruit intake and bladder cancer risk in all pooled studies (RR: 0.85; 95% CI, 0.76-0.94) and case-control studies (RR: 0.77; 95% CI, 0.64-0.92), but not in the cohort studies (RR: 0.96; 95% CI, 0.87-1.07). Our results suggest that citrus fruit intake is related to decreased bladder cancer risk. Subsequent well-designed, large prospective studies are needed to obtain better understanding of this relationship.

Source : Pubmed