Compliance with the 2010 nutritional objectives for the spanish population in the balearic islands’ adolescents
Sommaire de l'article
AIMS: To assess compliance with the 2010 nutritional objectives for the Spanish population in the Balearic Islands’ adolescents.
METHODS: A cross-sectional nutrition survey was carried out in adolescents (n = 1,231). Dietary habits were assessed by means of 2 nonconsecutive 24-hour recalls and a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Differences in the percentage of compliers with the 2010 nutritional objectives and differences in food consumption patterns between genders and high or low consumers of fat, saturated fatty acids (SFA), fiber, and fruits and vegetables were analyzed.
RESULTS: None of the nutritional objectives were achieved by the Balearic Islands’ adolescents, and less than 25% of them met the dietary fiber, folate, iodine, total fat, SFA, polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), total carbohydrate, and fruit and vegetable requirements. Gender differences were observed in terms of energy, nutrients, and food item consumption. Low fat/SFA and high fruit and vegetable/fiber consumers kept a diet in line with current food group pyramids and the traditional Mediterranean diet. Adolescents need to decrease their meat and increase pulse, fish, and fruit and vegetable consumption.
CONCLUSIONS: The nutritional objectives for the Spanish population could be achieved through maintenance of the traditional Mediterranean diet in the Balearic Islands’ adolescents. This dietary model could be used to develop food-based dietary guidelines relevant to this population.