Dietary habits associated with reduced insulin resistance: The Nagahama study.
Sommaire de l'article
To investigate the association between insulin resistance assessed by a homeostasis model and dietary habits.
Cross-sectional analysis using a community-based cohort, the Nagahama Prospective Cohort for Comprehensive Human Bioscience. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed with log HOMA-IR or log HOMA-β as the dependent variable and 20 dietary habits, tobacco smoking, medical history, family medical history of diabetes, age and BMI as the simultaneous independent variables in each sex separately.
Females (n = 2956) eating fish dishes every day had a HOMA-IR 0.90 times that of the reference group (P = 0.043). Females eating miso-soup every day had a HOMA-IR 0.95 times that of the reference group (P = 0.038). Males (n = 1371) eating vegetable dishes every day had a HOMA-IR 0.91 times that of the reference group (P = 0.003). Males eating egg dishes 4 to 5 times per week had a HOMA-IR 1.14 times that of the reference group (P = 0.011). Males eating fruits every day had a HOMA-IR 1.13 that of the reference group (P = 0.008).
Dietary habits associated with lower insulin resistance were eating fish dishes, miso soup or vegetable dishes every day and eating staple foods for dinner, egg dishes or fruits less frequently.