Dietary habits changes and quality of life in patients undergoing chemotherapy for epithelial ovarian cancer.
Sommaire de l'article
The aim of this study was to evaluate dietary habit changes in patients undergoing chemotherapy for epithelial ovarian cancer.
Sixty one patients undergoing chemotherapy for epithelial ovarian cancer were enrolled to the study and 44 completed. The dietary intake was evaluated by 7-day food records, and the changes in dietary intake and food-preparing methods were estimated based on a 101-item semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. Nutritional status was checked with the use of body weight and height, waist and hip circumferences, skinfolds and subjective global assessment tool. Quality of life was measured with the use of EORTC QLQ-C30 and EORTC QLQ-OV28.
Despite high average body mass index (BMI) (26.7-28.0 kg/m2), malnutrition risk was observed in 43.7 and 10.7 % of patients receiving first-line and subsequent-line chemotherapy, respectively (p < 0.001). Dietary intake and quality of life did not differ between the studied groups. A lot of dietary habits changes were observed. Women undergoing subsequent-line chemotherapy consumed more frequently rye bread, pasta, buttermilk, vegetable, fruit, oils, nuts, and juices. Women undergoing first-line chemotherapy consumed more milk, cottage cheese, cream, eggs, fish and seafood, meat offal, salty snacks, and jam. Additionally, women undergoing subsequent-line chemotherapy more often applied cooking in water (p < 0.0001) and baking (p < 0.05).
Women undergoing chemotherapy for ovarian cancer change their dietary habits in a pro healthy direction, and these changes are more expressed in patients undergoing subsequent-line chemotherapy.