Do Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Cause Obesity and Diabetes? Industry and the Manufacture of Scientific Controversy.

Auteur(s) :
Schillinger D., Tran J., Mangurian C., Kearns C.
Date :
Déc, 2016
Source(s) :
Annals of internal medicine. #165:12 p895-897
Adresse :
From University of California, San Francisco, and Center for Vulnerable Populations at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California, and University of California, San Francisco, Philip R. Lee Institute for Health Policy Studies and School of Dentistry, San Francisco, California.

Sommaire de l'article

Background: The outcomes of recent regulatory initiatives, tax measures, and federal nutritional guidance designed to curb consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) have hinged on whether these beverages are a proven cause of obesity and diabetes. The SSB industry has opposed such initiatives, claiming that causation is scientifically controversial. We carried out a comprehensive literature survey to determine whether experimental studies that found no association between SSBs and obesity- and diabetes-related outcomes (negative studies) are more likely than positive studies to have received financial support from this industry.

Source : Pubmed