Effects of cooking on concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and related compounds in green leafy vegetable ‘Komatsuna’
Sommaire de l'article
The effects of ordinary household cooking processes on concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) (dioxins) were investigated in 'komatsuna', a green leafy vegetable popular in Japan. The concentrations of dioxins were compared using isomer-specific analyses of both uncooked and cooked edible parts of the plant. The mean total 2,3,7,8-chlorine substituted PCDD and PCDF concentrations were reduced from 46.53 pg/g and 0.714 pg/g to 8.301 pg/g and 0.210 pg/g by washing with tap water, and further reduced to 6.054 pg/g and 0.148 pg/g by subsequent boiling, respectively. The cooking processes markedly decreased the concentrations of PCDD/Fs, while having little effect on those of dioxin-like PCBs. The mean total concentration as 2,3,7,8-tetraCDD equivalents (TEQ) was reduced from 0.058 pgTEQ/g to 0.026 pgTEQ/g by washing with tap water and further reduced to 0.019 pgTEQ/g by subsequent boiling. These results suggest that ordinary cooking processes provide a means of reducing the level of dioxins in green leafy vegetables.