Effects of Latino children on their mothers’ dietary intake and dietary behaviors: The role of children’s acculturation and the mother-child acculturation gap.

Auteur(s) :
Ayala GX., Arredondo EM., Soto SH., Marcus B., Shakya HB., Roesch S.
Date :
Oct, 2017
Source(s) :
Social science & medicine (1982). #191 p125-133
Adresse :
San Diego State University (SDSU)/University of California, San Diego (UCSD) Joint Doctoral Program in Public Health (Health Behavior), 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 92182, USA (SDSU) and 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA (UCSD); Institute for Behavioral and Community Health, 9245 Sky Park Court, Suite 221, San Diego, CA 92123, USA. Electronic address: shsoto@live.unc.edu.

Sommaire de l'article

RATIONALE
Research shows that acculturation is important to Latinas' dietary intake and related behaviors. Although evidence suggests children may also play a role, it remains unclear whether children's acculturation is related to mothers' dietary intake/behaviors.

OBJECTIVES
We examined the relationship between Latino children's acculturation and mothers' dietary intake/behaviors. We also examined the mother-child acculturation gap to identify dyad characteristics associated with mothers' diet.

METHODS
Baseline surveys were collected in 2010 from 314 Latino mother-child (7-13 years old) dyads of Mexican-origin enrolled in a family-based dietary intervention in Southern California, USA. Mother's daily intake of fruits, vegetables, and sugary beverages, percent of calories from fat, weekly away-from-home eating, and percent of weekly grocery dollars spent on fruits and vegetables were assessed via self-report. Mothers' and children's bidimensional acculturation were examined using acculturation groups (e.g., assimilated, bicultural) derived from Hispanic and non-Hispanic dimensions of language. We also assessed the acculturation gap between mothers and children with the a) difference in acculturation between mothers' and children's continuous acculturation scores and b) mother-child acculturation gap typologies (e.g., traditional mothers of assimilated children).

RESULTS
Findings show that having an assimilated versus a bicultural child was negatively associated with mothers' vegetable intake and positively associated with mothers' sugary beverage intake, percent of calories from fat, and frequency of away-from-home eating, regardless of mothers' acculturation. Traditional mothers of assimilated children reported more sugary beverage intake, calories from fat, and more frequent away-from-home eating than traditional mothers of bicultural children.

CONCLUSION
Results suggest that children's acculturation is associated with their mothers' dietary intake/behaviors and traditional mothers of assimilated children require more attention in future research.

Source : Pubmed
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