Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of stroke – a meta-analysis of cohort studies

Auteur(s) :
Dauchet L.
Date :
Août, 2021
Source(s) :
# p
Adresse :

Sommaire de l'article

Title: Author(s): Dauchet L, Amouyel P, Dallongeville J
Source: NEUROLOGY 65 (8): 1193-1197 OCT 25 2005
Document Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: Background: Fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with lower rates of coronary heart disease. Results from observational studies suggest a similar association with stroke. Objective: To assess the evidence from prospective observational studies on fruit and vegetable intake and risk of stroke. Methods: A meta-analysis of prospective studies was conducted to examine the association between fruit and vegetable intake and stroke. Studies were selected if they reported relative risk (RR) and 95% CI for any type of stroke and used a validated questionnaire for food intake assessment. Pooled RR were calculated and linearity of the associations was examined. Results: Seven studies were eligible for the meta-analysis, including 90,513 men, 141,536 women, and 2,955 strokes. The risk of stroke was decreased by 11% ( RR 95% CI: 0.89 [0.85 to 0.93]) for each additional portion per day of fruit, by 5% (RR: 0.95 [0.92 to 0.97]) for fruit and vegetables, and by 3% ( RR: 0.97 [0.92 to 1.02]; NS) for vegetables. The association between fruit or fruit and vegetables and stroke was linear, suggesting a dose-response relationship. Conclusions: This meta-analysis of cohort studies suggests that fruit and fruit and vegetable consumption decreases the risk of stroke.
KeyWords Plus: ISCHEMIC-HEART-DISEASE; CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE; DIETARY FIBER; GLYCEMIC LOAD; BETA-CAROTENE; FOLLOW-UP; MORTALITY; HEALTH; MEN; WOMEN
Addresses: Dallongeville J (reprint author), Inst Pasteur, INSERM, U508, Serv Epidemiol & Sante Publ, 1 Rue Pr Calmette, F-59019 Lille France
Inst Pasteur, INSERM, U508, Serv Epidemiol & Sante Publ, F-59019 Lille France
E-mail Addresses: jean.dallongeville@pasteur-lille.fr

Publisher: LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS, 530 WALNUT ST, PHILADELPHIA, PA 19106-3261 USA, http://www.lww.com/
Discipline: NEUROLOGY

Source : Pubmed
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