Fruit and vegetable intake in a sample of 11-year-old children in 9 european countries: the pro children cross-sectional survey.

Auteur(s) :
Klepp KI., Thorsdottir I., Franchini B., Yngve A., Brug J., Elmadfa I., Pérez-Rodrigo C., Maes L., Haraldsdottir J., Wolf WA., Poortvliet E., Ehrenblad B., Krølner RF., Sjostrom M.
Date :
Juil, 2005
Source(s) :
Ann Nutr Metab.. #49:4 p236-245
Adresse :
Department of Biosciences, Unit for Preventive Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Sommaire de l'article

BACKGROUND/AIMS: An adequate fruit and vegetable intake provides essential nutrients and nutritive compounds and is considered an important part of a healthy lifestyle. No simple instrument has been available for the assessment of fruit and vegetable intake as well as its determinants in school-aged children applicable in different European countries. Within the Pro Children Project, such an instrument has been developed. This paper describes the cross-sectional survey in 11-year-olds in 9 countries. METHODS: The cross-sectional survey used nationally, and in 2 countries regionally, representative samples of schools and classes. The questionnaires, including a precoded 24-hour recall component and a food frequency part, were completed in the classroom. Data were treated using common syntax files for portion sizes and for merging of vegetable types into four subgroups. RESULTS: The results show that the fruit and vegetable intake in amounts and choice were highly diverse in the 9 participating countries. Vegetable intake was in general lower than fruit intake, boys consumed less fruit and vegetables than girls did. The highest total intake according to the 24-hour recall was found in Austria and Portugal, the lowest in Spain and Iceland. CONCLUSION: The fruit and vegetable intake in 11-year-old children was in all countries far from reaching population goals and food-based dietary guidelines on national and international levels. (c) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel

Source : Pubmed