Impact of 100% Fruit Juice Consumption on Diet and Weight Status of Children: An Evidence-based Review.
Sommaire de l'article
Consumption of 100% fruit juice (FJ) remains controversial for its potential adverse impact on weight and displacement of essential foods in the diets of children. A systematic review of the literature published from 1995-2013 was conducted using the PubMed database to evaluate associations between intake of 100% FJ and weight/adiposity and nutrient intake/adequacy among children one to 18 years of age. Weight status outcome measures included body mass index (BMI), BMI z-score, ponderal index, obesity, weight gain, adiposity measures, and body composition. Nutrient outcome measures included intake and adequacy of shortfall nutrients. Data extraction and analysis was conducted according to the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Evidence Analysis Process. Twenty-two studies on weight status provided evidence that did not support an association between 100% FJ consumption and weight/adiposity in children after controlling for energy intake. Limited evidence from eight studies suggests that children consuming100% FJ have higher intake and adequacy of dietary fiber, vitamin C, magnesium, and potassium. Differences in methodology and study designs preclude causal determination of 100% FJ as sole influencer of weight status or nutrient intake/adequacy of shortfall nutrients. In context of a healthy dietary pattern, evidence suggests that consumption of 100% FJ may provide beneficial nutrients without contributing to pediatric obesity.