Impact on dietary intake of a self-directed, gender-tailored diabetes prevention program in men.

Auteur(s) :
Collins CE., Morgan PJ., Plotnikoff RC., Callister R., Young MD., Rollo ME., Aguiar EJ., Pursey KM.
Date :
Août, 2017
Source(s) :
World journal of diabetes. #8:8 p414-421
Adresse :
Megan E Rollo, Kirrilly M Pursey, Clare E Collins, Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia.

Sommaire de l'article

To investigate changes in dietary intake following a 6-mo randomised controlled trial of the self-directed, gender-tailored type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) Prevention Using LifeStyle Education (PULSE) program in men.

Men aged 18-65 years, with a body mass index (BMI) 25-40 kg/m(2), and at high risk for developing T2DM were recruited from the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia. Eligible participants were randomised into one of two groups: (1) waitlist control; or (2) PULSE intervention. Dietary intake was assessed at baseline and immediately post-program using the Australian Eating Survey food frequency questionnaire and diet quality measured using the Australian Recommended Food Score (ARFS).

One hundred and one participants (n = 48, control; n = 53, intervention, mean age 52.3 ± 9.7 years, BMI of 32.6 ± 3.3 kg/m(2)) commenced the study. Following the active phase, differences between groups were observed for proportion of total energy consumed from healthful (core) foods (+7.6%EI, P < 0.001), energy-dense, nutrient-poor foods (-7.6%EI, P < 0.001), sodium (-369 mg, P = 0.047), and diet quality (ARFS) (+4.3, P = 0.004), including sub-scales for fruit (+1.1, P = 0.03), meat (+0.9, P = 0.004) and non-meat protein (+0.5, P = 0.03).

The PULSE prevention program's nutrition messages led to significant improvements in dietary intake in men at risk of T2DM.

Source : Pubmed