Instances of soil and crop heavy metal contamination in china

Auteur(s) :
Liu X., Cui Y., Wang QYD.
Date :
Déc, 2000
Source(s) :
SOIL & SEDIMENT CONTAMINATION. #10:5 p497-510
Adresse :
"WANG QYD,CHINESE ACAD SCI,RES CTR ECOENVIRONM SCI;18 SHUANGQING RD,POB 2871; BEIJING 100085, PEOPLES R CHINA.wangqr@mail.rcees.ac.cn"

Sommaire de l'article

« Both general and specific investigations of soil and crop heavy metal contamination were carried out across China. The former was focused mainly on Cd, Hg, As, Pb, and Cr in soils and vegetables in suburbs of four large cities; the latter investigated Cd levels in both soils and rice or wheat in contaminated areas throughout 15 provinces of the country. The results indicated that levels of Cd, Hg, and Pb in soils and some in crops were greater than the Governmental Standards (Chinese government limits for soil and crop heavy metal contents). Soil Cd ranged from 0.46 to 1.04 mg kg(-1), on average, in the four cities and was as high as 145 mg kg(-1) in soil and 7 mg kg(-1) in rice in the wide area of the country.Among different species, tuberous vegetables seemed to accumulate a larger portion of heavy metals than leafy and fruit vegetables, except celery. For both rice and wheat, two staple food crops, the latter seemed to hav much higher concentrations of Cd and Pb than the former grown in the same area. Furthermore, the endosperm of both wheat and rice crops had the highest portion of Cd and Cr. Rice endosperm and wheat chaff accumulated the highest Pb, although the concentrations of all three metals were variable in different parts of the grains. For example, 8.3, 6.9, 1.4, and 0.6 mg kg(-1) of Pb were found in chaff, cortex, embryo, and endosperm of wheat compared with 0.11, 0.65, 0.71, and 0.19 mg kg(-1) in the same parts of rice, respectively.Untreated sewage water irrigation was the major cause of increasing soil and crop metals. Short periods of the sewage water irrigation increased individual metals in soils by 2 to 80% and increased metals in crops by 14 to 209%. Atmospheric deposition, industrial or municipal wastes, sewage sludge improperly used as fertilizers, and metal-containing phosphate fertilizers played an important role as well in some specific areas. « 

Source : Pubmed
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