Maternal dietary intake in pregnancy and lactation and allergic disease outcomes in offspring.

Auteur(s) :
Venter C., Brown KR., Maslin K., Palmer DJ.
Date :
Nov, 2016
Source(s) :
Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology. # p
Adresse :
Division of Allergy and Immunology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, Cincinnati, OH, 45229, USA.

Sommaire de l'article

As the prevalence of allergic disease dramatically rises worldwide, prevention strategies are increasingly being considered. Given the potential modulatory effect of nutritional factors on disease, altering maternal diet during pregnancy and/or lactation has been considered in preventing allergic disease in offspring. Though there are a number of observational studies that have examined possible associations between maternal diet and allergic outcomes in offspring, interventional trials are limited. Furthermore, there is a paucity of studies that have prospectively studied maternal dietary intake as well as measuring maternal and infant biological samples (blood, urine, breast milk) and their relation to allergic outcomes in infants. There is also a particular need to define terminology such as "fruit and vegetables intake", "healthy diet" and "diet diversity" in order to make studies comparable. In this review, we discuss current evidence of maternal dietary factors during pregnancy and/or lactation that may play a role in the offspring developing allergic disease, including factors such as overall dietary intake patterns, specific whole food consumption (fish, fruit and vegetables, and common allergic foods), and individual immunomodulatory nutrient intakes. Additionally, we discuss the limitations of previous studies and propose improvements to study design for future investigation. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Source : Pubmed