Maternal educational level and children’s healthy eating behaviour: role of the home food environment (cross-sectional results from the INPACT study).

Auteur(s) :
Rodenburg G., Van De Mheen D., van Ansem W., Schrijvers C.
Date :
Sep, 2014
Source(s) :
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act.. #11:1 p113
Adresse :
IVO Addiction Research Institute, Heemraadssingel 194, Rotterdam, DM 3021 The Netherlands Erasmus Medical Centre, Postbox 2040, Rotterdam, CA 3000 The Netherlands Department of Health Education and Promotion, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands Wilke JC van Ansem, Email: vanansem@ivo.nl

Sommaire de l'article

Background: The aims of this study are 1) to investigate the association between maternal educational level and healthy eating behaviour of 11-year-old children (fruit, vegetables and breakfast consumption), and 2) to examine whether factors in the home food environment (parental intake of fruit, vegetables and breakfast; rules about fruit and vegetables and home availability of fruit and vegetables) mediate these associations.

Methods: Data were obtained from the Dutch INPACT study. In total, 1318 parent–child dyads were included in this study. Multilevel regression models were used to investigate whether factors of the home food environment mediated the association between maternal educational level and children’s healthy eating behaviour.

Results: Children of mothers with a high educational level consumed more pieces of fruit per day (B = 0.13, 95% CI:0.04-0.22), more grams of vegetables per day (B = 23.81, 95% CI = 14.93-32.69) and were more likely to have breakfast on a daily basis (OR = 2.97, 95% CI: 1.38-6.39) than children of mothers with a low educational level. Home availability, food consumption rules and parental consumption mediated the association between maternal education level and children’s fruit and vegetable consumption. Parental breakfast consumption mediated the association between maternal education level and children’s breakfast consumption.

Conclusions: Factors in the home food environment play an important role in the explanation of socio-economic disparities in children’s healthy eating behaviour and may be promising targets for interventions.

Source : Pubmed
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