Mediterranean diet and 3-year Alzheimer brain biomarker changes in middle-aged adults.

Auteur(s) :
Berti V., Walters M., Sterling J., Quinn CG., Logue M., Andrews R., Matthews DC., Osorio RS., Pupi A., Vallabhajosula S., Isaacson RS., de Leon MJ., Mosconi L.
Date :
Mai, 2018
Source(s) :
Neurology. #90:20 p1789-1798
Adresse :
From the Department of Clinical Pathophysiology (V.B., A.P.), Nuclear Medicine Unit, University of Florence, Italy; Department of Nutrition and Food Studies (M.W., L.M.), New York University Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development, NY; Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs (J.S.), Department of Psychology, Princeton University, NJ; Department of Psychiatry (C.G.Q., M.L., R.S.O., L.M.), New York University School of Medicine, NY; ADM Diagnostics (R.A., D.C.M., M.J.d.L.), Chicago, IL; and Departments of Radiology (S.V.) and Neurology (R.S.I., L.M.), Weill Cornell Medical Center/NewYork-Presbyterian, NY.

Sommaire de l'article

To examine in a 3-year brain imaging study the effects of higher vs lower adherence to a Mediterranean-style diet (MeDi) on Alzheimer disease (AD) biomarker changes (brain β-amyloid load via

Seventy 30- to 60-year-old cognitively normal participants with clinical, neuropsychological, and dietary examinations and imaging biomarkers at least 2 years apart were examined. These included 34 participants with higher (MeDi+) and 36 with lower (MeDi-) MeDi adherence. Statistical parametric mapping and volumes of interest were used to compare AD biomarkers between groups at cross section and longitudinally.

MeDi groups were comparable for clinical and neuropsychological measures. At baseline, compared to the MeDi+ group, the MeDi- group showed reduced FDG-PET glucose metabolism (CMRglc) and higher PiB-PET deposition in AD-affected regions (

Lower MeDi adherence was associated with progressive AD biomarker abnormalities in middle-aged adults. These data support further investigation of dietary interventions for protection against brain aging and AD.

Source : Pubmed