Paying people to eat or not to eat? Carryover effects of monetary incentives on eating behaviour.

Auteur(s) :
Dolan P., Galizzi MM., Navarro-Martinez D.
Date :
Avr, 2015
Source(s) :
Soc Sci Med.. #133: p153-158
Adresse :
London School of Economics and Political Science, Department of Social Policy, LSE Health, Houghton Street, WC2A2AE London, UK; Centre for the Study of Incentives in Health, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, Guy's Hospital, St Thomas Street, SE1 9RT London, UK.

Sommaire de l'article

There is no evidence comparing head-to-head the effects of monetary incentives to act and to abstain from acting on behaviour. We present an experiment, conducted between June and September 2012, that directly compares the effects of those two different monetary incentive schemes on eating behaviour: we evaluate incentives to eat against incentives not to eat. A large number of participants (n = 353) had bowls of sweets next to them while they watched different videos over two experimental sessions that were two days apart. Sweets eating was monitored and monetary incentives to eat or not to eat were introduced during one of the videos for participants randomly allocated to these conditions. Our results show that, while both types of incentives were effective in changing sweets-eating behaviour when they were in place, only incentives not to eat had significant carryover effects after they were removed. Those effects were still significant two days after the monetary incentives had been eliminated. We also present some additional results on personality and health-related variables that shed further light on these effects. Overall, our study shows that incentives not to eat can be more effective in producing carryover effects on behaviour in domains like the one explored here.

Source : Pubmed