The Anti-cancer and Anti-obesity Effects of Mediterranean Diet.
Sommaire de l'article
Cancers have been the leading cause of death worldwide and the prevalence of obesity is also increasing in these few decades. Interestingly, there is a direct association between cancer and obesity. Each year, more than 90000 cancer deaths are caused by obesity or overweight. The dietary pattern in Crete, referred as the traditional Mediterranean diet, is believed to confer Crete people the low mortality rates from cancers. Nevertheless, the anti-obesity effect of the Mediterranean diet is less studied. Given the causal relationship between obesity and cancer, the anti-obesity effect of traditional Mediterranean diet might contribute to its anti-cancer effects. In this regard, we will critically review the anti-cancer and anti-obesity effects of this diet and its dietary factors. The possible mechanisms underlying these effects will also be discussed.