The Impact of School Gardening on Cree Children’s Knowledge and Attitudes toward Vegetables and Fruit.

Auteur(s) :
Farmer A., Hanbazaza MA., Triador L., Ball GD., Maximova K., Alexander First Nation ., Willows ND.
Date :
Sep, 2015
Source(s) :
Canadian journal of dietetic practice and research : a publication of Dietitians of Canada. #76:3 p133-139
Adresse :
Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB. noreen.willows@ualberta.ca

Sommaire de l'article

PURPOSE:

School-based interventions may increase children's preferences for vegetables and fruit (V&F). This Canadian study measured changes in Indigenous First Nations schoolchildren's V&F knowledge, preferences, and home consumption following the implementation of a gardening and V&F snack program.

METHODS:

At baseline, 7 months, and 18 months, children in grades 1-6 (i) listed at least 5 V&F they knew, (ii) tasted and indicated their preferences towards 9 vegetables and 8 fruit using a 6-point Likert scale, and (iii) indicated their home consumption of 17 V&F.

RESULTS:

At all 3 time points, 56.8% (n = 66/116) of children provided data. Children listed a greater number of V&F at 18 months (4.9 ± 0.1) than at baseline (4.5 ± 1.0) or 7 months (4.7 ± .07) (F(1.6,105.6) = 6.225, P < 0.05). Vegetable preferences became more positive between baseline (37.9 ± 9.3) and 7 months (39.9 ± 9.2), but returned to baseline levels at 18 months (37.3 ± 8.7) (F(1.6,105.8) = 4.581, P < 0.05). Fruit preferences at 18 months (42.7 ± 3.0) were greater than at baseline (41.1 ± 4.3) and at 7 months (41.9 ± 5.1) (F(1.7,113.3) = 3.409, P < 0.05). No change in V&F consumption occurred at home.

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite improvements in V&F knowledge and preferences, home consumption of V&F did not occur. Complementing school-based programs with home-based components may be needed to influence V&F intake of children.

Source : Pubmed
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