Gooseberry

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Energy value icon
Energy value
39,90 kcal per 100g
Photo of the componentWater
87,90 g Water
Photo of the componentFibers
4,03 g Fibers
Photo of the componentCarbohydrates
4,88 g Carbohydrates
Photo of the componentPotassium
187 mg Potassium
Photo of the componentVitamin C
29 mg Vitamin C
Raw product

Description

  • Gooseberry (Ribes uva-crispa L.) belongs to the Grossulariaceae family.

PHYSICAL AND ORGANOLEPTIC CHARACTERISTICS

  • The weight of the fruit varies from 1.5 g to over 12 g, the average is about 3-6 g (Pluta, 2018).
  • The colour of the berries can vary from green to yellow-green, yellow or white, pink, red, dark red or purple (Pluta, 2018).
  • The taste ranges from very tart to very sweet (Pluta, 2018).
  • Gooseberry consists of volatile compounds such as (Z)-hex-3-enal, (E)-hex-2-enal (C6 compounds), derivatives of lipid oxidation and short chain esters (ethyl acetate, methyl butanoate, ethyl butanoate), which are the main components identified in the fresh fruit (Hempfling, 2013).
  • Short chain esters and C6 compounds are mainly responsible for the characteristic green and fruity taste of gooseberries (Hempfling, 2013).

COMPOSITION CHARACTERISTICS (excluding macronutrients, vitamins and minerals)

  • 4 gooseberry (Ribes uva-crispa L.) cultivars Invicta, Rixanta, Karat and Black Negus and 5 currant (Ribes) cultivars NS 11, Focus, Ben Gairn, Otelo and Viola, were evaluated as potential sources of bioactivity1 after determining their total phenol, flavonoid and anthocyanin contents (Orsavova, 2019).
  • A variety of polyphenols were detected in the skin and flesh of 20 gooseberry cultivars, representing mainly flavonol glycosides, anthocyanins and flavan-3-ols. On the other hand, gooseberry seeds were for the first time characterised by the presence of considerable amounts of hydroxycinnamic acid glycosides (Anastasiadi, 2016).
  • All the cultivars examined represented a good source of vitamin C while being low in sugar. Moreover, the overall quality of the berries, as well as that of their bioactive compounds, remained stable for two weeks post-harvest (Anastasiadi, 2016).

1 Biological activity beneficial to health

RAW

The following values are approximate and depend on variety, season, ripeness, cultivation conditions, etc. 

Gooseberries are low in energy* as they provide an average of 39.90 calories (kcal) per 100 g, i.e. 167 kJ.

COMPOSITION TABLES

For each nutrient, the tables provide information on the content, the minimum and maximum values, as well as the percentage of the Dietary Reference Values (DRVs) for 100 g net of raw gooseberries.

*Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 on nutrition and health claims made on foods.

MACRONUTRIENTS

Constituent (g) Average content Min-Max
per 100g
DRV%
Water 87,9 83 - 92,80 -
Fibers 4,03 1,90 - 4,30 -
Carbohydrates 4,88 - 1,88
Sugars - - -
Lipids 0,59 0,40 - 0,70 0,84
Saturated fat 0,058 0,038 - 0,078 0,29
Protein 0,75 0,10 - 1,25 1,50
Constituent (g) Amount Min-Max DRV%
Water Ciqual 2020 - -
Fibers Ciqual 2020 - -
Carbohydrates Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen, et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Sugars Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Lipids Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Saturated fat Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Protein Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011

Zoom on carbohydrates
  • Gooseberries contain a quantity of carbohydrates (4.88 g per 100 g) which is below the average content found in fresh fruit: approximately 11.31 g per 100 g.
  • Gooseberries are low in sugar as they contain less than 5 g per 100 g.
Zoom on fibres
  • Gooseberries are a source of fibre* as they contain 4.03 g per 100 g of fruit, i.e. more than 3 g per 100 g.
  • They contain more than the average content found in fresh fruit (2.77 g per 100 g).
Zoom on proteins
  • The protein content of gooseberries (0.75 g per 100 g) is lower than the average amount found in fresh fruit: 0.93 g per 100 g.
Zoom on lipids
  • The fat content of gooseberries (0.59 g per 100 g) is almost equivalent to the average amount found in fresh fruit: 0.56 g per 100 g.
  • Gooseberries are low in fat as they contain less than 3 g per 100 g.

*Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 on nutrition and health claims made on foods.

MINERALS AND TRACE ELEMENTS

Constituent Average content Min-Max
per 100g
DRV%
Calcium (mg) 25,40 14,60 - 33 3,18
Chloride (mg) - - -
Copper (mg) 0,063 0,054 - 0,07 6,30
Iron (mg) 0,33 0,28 - 0,54 2,36
Iodine (µg) 0,30 0,15 - 0,53 0,20
Magnesium (mg) 9 6 - 10 2,40
Manganese (mg) 0,16 0,13 - 0,19 8
Phosphorus (mg) 26,20 14,50 - 28,70 3,74
Potassium (mg) 187 171 - 198 9,35
Selenium (µg) 0,068 NC - 0,40 0,12
Sodium (mg) 1,50 1 - 2,60 -
Zinc (mg) 0,14 0,12 - 0,16 1,40
Constituent Amount Min-Max DRV%
Calcium (mg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Chloride (mg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Copper (mg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Iron (mg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Iodine (µg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Magnesium (mg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Manganese (mg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Phosphorus (mg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Potassium (mg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Selenium (µg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Sodium (mg) Ciqual 2020 - -
Zinc (mg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011

Zoom on minerals and trace elements
  • Potassium is the mineral best represented in gooseberries as its content is equivalent to 9.35% of DRVs, i.e. 187 mg per 100 g.
  • The other minerals and trace elements are present in quantities representing less than 9% of DRVs.

VITAMINS

Constituent Average content Min-Max
per 100g
DRV%
Provitamin A Beta-carotene (µg) - - -
Vitamin A equivalent (µg) - - -
Vitamin B1 (mg) 0,033 0,011 - 0,04 3
Vitamin B2 (mg) 0,029 0,019 - 0,03 2,07
Vitamin B3 (mg) 0,29 0,16 - 0,35 1,81
Vitamin B5 (mg) 0,29 - 4,83
Vitamin B6 (mg) 0,048 0,007 - 0,08 3,43
Vitamin B9 (µg) 8,85 6 - 11,70 4,43
Vitamin C (mg) 29 18 - 56 36,25
Vitamin E (mg) 0,69 0,37 - 1,28 5,75
Vitamin K1 (µg) - - -
Constituent Amount Min-Max DRV%
Provitamin A Beta-carotene (µg) Ciqual 2020 - -
Vitamin A equivalent (µg) - - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Vitamin B1 (mg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Vitamin B2 (mg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Vitamin B3 (mg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Vitamin B5 (mg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Vitamin B6 (mg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Vitamin B9 (µg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Vitamin C (mg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Vitamin E (mg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011
Vitamin K1 (µg) Ciqual 2020 - Règlement (UE) N°1169/2011 du parlement Européen et du conseil du 25 octobre 2011

Zoom on vitamins
  • Gooseberries are high in vitamin C, as they provide the equivalent of 36.25% of DRVs, i.e. 29 mg per 100 g.
  • The other vitamins are present in quantities representing less than 6% of DRVs.

POLYPHENOLS

Constituent (mg) Average content Min-Max
per 100mg
Flavonoids (mg) 8,67 2,15 - 15,92
of which Flavanols (mg) 2,11 2,11 - 2,11
of which Anthocyanins (mg) 6,56 0,04 - 13,81
Phenolic Acids (mg) 5 3,30 - 6,70
of which Hydroxybenzoic acids (mg) 1,60 1,10 - 2,10
of which Hydroxycinnamic acids (mg) 3,40 2,20 - 4,60
Total polyphenols 13,67 5,45 - 22,62
Constituent (mg) Amount Min-Max
Flavonoids Etude Phenol explorer 3,6 Méthode utilisée : Chromatographie -
of which Flavanols Etude Phenol explorer 3,6 Méthode utilisée : Chromatographie -
of which Anthocyanins Etude Phenol explorer 3,6 Méthode utilisée : Chromatographie -
Phenolic Acids Phenol explorer 3,6 Méthode utilisée : Chromatographie -
of which Hydroxybenzoic acids Phenol explorer 3,6 Méthode utilisée : Chromatographie -
of which Hydroxycinnamic acids Phenol explorer 3,6 Méthode utilisée : Chromatographie -
Total polyphenols Phenol explorer 3,6 Méthode utilisée : Chromatographie -

Zoom on polyphenols
  • Polyphenols are substances with an antioxidant effect.
  • The gooseberry has a notable quantity of polyphenols, 63% of which are flavonoids and the majority anthocyanins.

Nutrition and health claims

According to the definitions of nutrition claims as set out in Regulation (EC) No 1924/2006 on nutrition and health claims, and in view of the composition of gooseberries, the following claims may be used:

NUTRITION CLAIMS OF GOOSEBERRIES

  • Low in energy (100 g of gooseberries provide less than 40 kcal)
  • Low in sugar (100 g of gooseberries contain less than 5 g of sugar)
  • Low in fat (100 g of gooseberries contain less than 3 g of fat)
  • High in vitamin C (100 g of gooseberries provide the equivalent of more than 30% of DRVs)
  • Source of fibre (100 g of gooseberries provide more than 3 g of fibre).

HEALTH CLAIMS (for a consumption of 100 g of gooseberries)

Vitamin C
  • Vitamin C contributes to:
    • normal function of the immune system during and after intense physical exercise,
    • normal collagen formation for the normal function of blood vessels,
    • normal collagen formation for the normal function of bones,
    • normal collagen formation for the normal function of cartilage,
    • normal collagen formation for the normal function of gums,
    • normal collagen formation for the normal function of skin,
    • normal collagen formation for the normal function of teeth,
    • normal energy-yielding metabolism,
    • normal functioning of the nervous system,
    • normal psychological function,
    • normal function of the immune system,
    • protection of cells from oxidative stress,
    • reduction of tiredness and fatigue,
    • regeneration of the reduced form of vitamin E.
  • Vitamin C increases iron absorption.
Composition and analysis